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專家談消防部隊轉制:是我國應急救援力量走向職業化的重大舉措

發布時間:2018-03-26 15:40:54

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新京報:成立應急管理部這一國家機構,對國家應急綜合能力提升有什么好處?

快3注册CAOHAIFENG:XIAOFANGBUDUIHESENLINBUDUICONGWUJINGBUDUIBOLI,BINGYUANQUANSHENGCHANDENGZHUANYEYINGJIJIUYUANDUIWUYIBINGZUOWEICHANGBEIYINGJIGUGANDUIWU,SHIWOGUOYINGJIJIUYUANLILIANGZOUXIANGZHIYEHUA、ZONGHEHUAHEJIZHONGHUADEYIGEZHONGDAJUCUO,SHIWOGUOYINGJIGUANLITIZHIJIANSHEZHONGDEYIXIANGZHONGDAJINBU。YOUZHUYUJIANGYUANXIANFENSHUYUBUTONGXINGYELINGYUHEBUMENDELILIANGGAODUZHENGHEQILAI,JINYIBUTISHENGYINGJIJIUYUANLILIANGDEHELI,TONGSHIYESHIWOGUOYINGJIJIUYUANZHIYEHUAJIANSHEDEGUANJIANXINGYIBU。

新京報:公安消防部隊此前是現役編制,這種模式持續了很多年,為什么現在要進行一個徹底的轉制和機構調整?

CAOHAIFENG:XIAOFANGBUDUIZHUANZHIHEJIGOUDIAOZHENG,ZHUYAOYOUJIGEFANGMIANDEYUANYIN。YISHIGUANCHELUOSHIDANGZHONGYANGGUANYUWUJINGTIZHIGAIGEDEZHONGDAJUECEBUSHU,JIANGYUANXIANLISHUYUWUJINGXULIEDEXIAOFANGBUDUIBOLICHULAI,CHENGDANZONGHEYINGJIJIUYUANDEZHINENG,GENGHAODITIXIANLE“JUNSHIJUN、JINGSHIJING、MINSHIMIN”DEYUANZE。ERSHIWEILESHIYINGDANGQIANWOGUOYINGJIGUANLIFAZHANXIANSHIXUYAO。CONG“FEIDIAN”YILAISHIYUNIANDESHIJIANKAN,GEDIDUIZHUANYEYINGJIJIUYUANLILIANGDEXUQIUGENGJIAPOQIE,YIZHANDOULIQIANG、ZUZHIJILVXINGGAODEXIAOFANGDUIWULAIQIANTOUZUJIANZONGHEDUIWU,KEYISHUOSHISHIFENGQISHI。SANSHIWEILEGENGHAODEJIEJUEXIANYITIZHIXIA,XIAOFANGDUIYUAN2NIANFUYIQIDEXIANZHI。JINNIANLAIGEDIPUBIANMIANLINZHUXIAOFANGDUIWUZHANDOULIDEWENDINGXINGWENTI。YIMINGCHENGSHUDEXIAOFANGYUAN,CONGRUWUDAOPEIXUN,ZAIDAOCHENGCHANGWEIYIMINGHEGEDEXIAOFANGYUAN,ZHISHAOXUYAODABANNIANDESHIJIAN,ERDANGTAMENWANQUANJUBEIZHANDOULIYIHOU,MASHANGJIUHUIMIANLINTUIWUDEWENTI。TONGGUOCICIZHUANZHI,XIAOFANGYUANCHENGWEIZHIYE,CHANGQIKUNRAODIFANGZHENGFUDEXIAOFANGDUIWUWENDINGXINGWENTINENGZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGDEYIGAIGUAN。

新京報:此前的機構管理模式不適合現在的應急救援需求嗎?

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新京報:消防隊伍轉制以后,會影響其待遇以及日常的工作嗎?是不是意味著以后消防員就可以從社會招聘而來?

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新京報:如果是社會招聘消防員,怎么保障專業性?

CAOHAIFENG:SHEHUIZHAOPINBINGBUYIWEIZHUZHUANYENENGLIYAOQIUDEJIANGDI,ZHEGEWENTIDEJIEJUEYAOKAOWANSHANDEPEIXUNJIZHILAIBAOZHANG。MUQIANWOGUODEXIAOFANGDUIWUXUNLIANGUIFANHUACHENGDUXIANGDANGGAO,DUIXIAOFANGYUANDEYAOQIUYEJINHUKEKE,ZHIYAOBAOCHIXIANYOUDEXUNLIANSHUIZHUN,JINYIBULISHUNXIAOFANGYUANDUIWUDEZHAOPINHEGUANLITIZHI,XIANGXINBAOCHIDUIWUDEZHANDOULIHEZHUANYEHUASHIWANQUANMEIYOUWENTIDE。

新京報:消防隊轉制后,是否也會像美國、德國那樣,消防隊由部分職業消防員和部分志愿消防員組成?

曹海峰:消防員職業化是國際趨勢,此次機構改革對消防隊伍的調整充分說明了這一點。但是,志愿者消防員的建設需要一個循序漸進的過程。當前我國的應急志愿者隊伍不斷壯大,公眾參與的熱情高漲,但要注意,吸收志愿者加入專業消防員隊伍,可能還需要一個過程。這其中最為關鍵的是問題是,如何從制度上確保志愿者消防員能夠得到與職業消防員同等強度的訓練,并保持同等能力的戰斗力。但從長期趨勢看,適當地吸納志愿者消防員作為補充,應當說是大勢所趨。(記者郭超)
轉載自中國消防網